Zoology - XII Syllabus (75 Teaching Hours)

UNIT 1: ANIMAL TISSUES (8 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues

UNIT 2: DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (6 TEACHING HOURS)

i. Development of Frog:

  • Fertilization
  • Cleavage
  • Morulation
  • Blastulation
  • Gastrulation
  • Formation of germinal layers
  • Coelom and tissue formation

ii. Gametogeneisis in animal

UNIT 3: HUMAN BIOLOGY AND HEALTH (50 TEACHING HOUR)

  • Nutrition: digestive organs and digestion of food
  • Respiratory organs and mechanism
  • Circulation: Blood, heart and its action, Arterial and venous systems (Major arteries and veins), Blood groups, Rh – factor, Blood pressure and lymph (definition)
  • Excretion: Excretory organs, mechanism of urine formation, osmoregulation and homeostatic mechanism (temperature regulation, kidney and liver control system)
  • Nervous co – ordination: Types of nervous system, structure and function of brain, Transmission of nerve impulse
  • Endocrinology: Structures, functions and disorders of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands
  • Sense organs: Structure and function of eye and ear
  • Reproduction: Reproductive organs
  • Human population: Growth, problem and control strategies
  • Human Diseases:
  1. Socially significant: Drug abuse, alcoholism and smoking
  2. Communicable: Typhoid, Tuberculosis, Ascariasis and AIDS
  3. Non – communicable: Cancer
  4. Concept of kalazar and hepatitis

UNIT 4: APPLICATION OF BIOLOGY (11 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Antibiotics Vaccines (Type and Application)
  • Tissue and Organs Transplantation
  • Test – tube baby
  • Amniocentesis
  • Introduction to poultry farming and fish farming