Zoology - XI Syllabus

Zoology – XI Syllabus

UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY (5 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Nature and scope of Biology
  • Branch and relation with other sciences
  • General approach to understand life processes

UNIT 2: ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE (20 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Life and its origin
  • Theories of origin of life
  • Oparin and Haldane’s experiment
  • Miller and Urey’s experiment
  • Meaning of evolution, organic evolution
  • Evidences of evolution: structural, anatomical, paleontological, embryological & biochemical
  • Lamarckism, Darwinism & concept of Neo – Darwinism
  • Human evolution

UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY (35 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Meaning of biodiversity, faunal diversity of Nepal
  • Protista: Characteristics and classification of phylum Protozoa upto class with examples; Habit and habitat, structure, reproduction and lifecycle of Paramecium and Plasmodium vivax (a concept of P. falciparum)
  • Animalia: General characters and classification of the following phyla (upto class) with examples – Porifera, Coelenterata (Cnidaria), Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes (Nemathelminthes), Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata and Chordata.
  • Earthworm (Pheretima postuma): Habit and habitat, structure; digestive, excretory, reproductive and nervous systems. Economic importance.
  • Frog (Rana tigrine): Habit and habitat, structure; digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urino-genital and nervous system (structure and function of brain).

UNIT 4: BIOTA AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT (15 TEACHING HOURS)

  • Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil. Sources of pollution, their effects and control measures. Hazards of pesticides.
  • Animal behaviour: Taxes, reflexes and reflex action, dominance and leadership, migratory behaviour of fish and bird.
  • Adaptation: Animal, Aquatic, amphibious and terrestrial (arboreal and volant)
  • Conservation:

Wildlife conservation: Meaning of wildlife, importance of wildlife, meaning of rare, threatened, vulnerable and endangered species; few endangered species in Nepal.

– Conservation practices (National parks, wildlife reserves and hunting reserves)

– Ways of conservation and causes of extinction.

– Management of land and water:

– Human responsibility for the protection of Earth.

Format of question model

Zoology:

1

Answer in very short; any seven

Total questions to be asked – 10

7 Q x 1 mark

= 7 marks

2

Describe in brief; any five

Total questions to be asked – 7

5 Q x 3 marks

= 15 marks

3

Long answer questions (two questions) one question is given as option as “or”

1 Q of 8 marks + 1 Q of 7.5 marks

= 15.5 marks

 

Total:

 

= 37.5 marks

 

Time schedule for questions:

Very short questions – 1 mark              – maximum 1 minute

Short questions – 3 marks                    – maximum 7 – 8 minutes

Long questions – 8 or 7.5 marks         – maximum 23 – 24 minutes

Note:

  • There will be separate answer sheets for section A (Botany) and section B (Zoology).
  • Total exam time period of theory will be of 3 hours for both the sections A and B.
  • Concerned examiners will evaluate both the papers separately.
  • The pass marks is 27. The students must pass in Botany and Zoology jointly.