Zoology - XI Syllabus
Zoology – XI Syllabus
UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY (5 TEACHING HOURS)
- Nature and scope of Biology
- Branch and relation with other sciences
- General approach to understand life processes
UNIT 2: ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF LIFE (20 TEACHING HOURS)
- Life and its origin
- Theories of origin of life
- Oparin and Haldane’s experiment
- Miller and Urey’s experiment
- Meaning of evolution, organic evolution
- Evidences of evolution: structural, anatomical, paleontological, embryological & biochemical
- Lamarckism, Darwinism & concept of Neo – Darwinism
- Human evolution
UNIT 3: BIODIVERSITY (35 TEACHING HOURS)
- Meaning of biodiversity, faunal diversity of Nepal
- Protista: Characteristics and classification of phylum Protozoa upto class with examples; Habit and habitat, structure, reproduction and lifecycle of Paramecium and Plasmodium vivax (a concept of P. falciparum)
- Animalia: General characters and classification of the following phyla (upto class) with examples – Porifera, Coelenterata (Cnidaria), Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes (Nemathelminthes), Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata and Chordata.
- Earthworm (Pheretima postuma): Habit and habitat, structure; digestive, excretory, reproductive and nervous systems. Economic importance.
- Frog (Rana tigrine): Habit and habitat, structure; digestive, circulatory, respiratory, urino-genital and nervous system (structure and function of brain).
UNIT 4: BIOTA AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT (15 TEACHING HOURS)
- Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil. Sources of pollution, their effects and control measures. Hazards of pesticides.
- Animal behaviour: Taxes, reflexes and reflex action, dominance and leadership, migratory behaviour of fish and bird.
- Adaptation: Animal, Aquatic, amphibious and terrestrial (arboreal and volant)
– Wildlife conservation: Meaning of wildlife, importance of wildlife, meaning of rare, threatened, vulnerable and endangered species; few endangered species in Nepal.
– Conservation practices (National parks, wildlife reserves and hunting reserves)
– Ways of conservation and causes of extinction.
– Management of land and water:
– Human responsibility for the protection of Earth.
Format of question model
Answer in very short; any seven
Total questions to be asked – 10
7 Q x 1 mark
= 7 marks
Describe in brief; any five
Total questions to be asked – 7
5 Q x 3 marks
= 15 marks
Long answer questions (two questions) one question is given as option as “or”
1 Q of 8 marks + 1 Q of 7.5 marks
= 15.5 marks
= 37.5 marks
Time schedule for questions:
Very short questions – 1 mark – maximum 1 minute
Short questions – 3 marks – maximum 7 – 8 minutes
Long questions – 8 or 7.5 marks – maximum 23 – 24 minutes
- There will be separate answer sheets for section A (Botany) and section B (Zoology).
- Total exam time period of theory will be of 3 hours for both the sections A and B.
- Concerned examiners will evaluate both the papers separately.
- The pass marks is 27. The students must pass in Botany and Zoology jointly.