Physics - XI Syllabus

Physics – XI Syllabus

Unit 1: Mechanics (70 Teaching Hours)

Chapter 1: Physical Quantities (3 Hours)

  • Need for measurements
  • System of Units
  • SI Unit
  • Precision and Significant Figures
  • Dimensions
  • Main Use of Dimensional Equations

Chapter 2: Vectors (6 Hours)

  • Graphical representation of vectors
  • addition and subtraction of vectors
  • parallelogram, triangle and polygon law of vectors
  • resolution of vectors
  • unit vectors
  • Scalar and Vector Products

Chapter 3: Kinematics (3 Hours)

  • Uniform and non-uniform motion
  • average velocity and acceleration
  • instantaneous velocity and acceleration
  • equation of motion (graphical treatment)
  • motion of a freely falling body
  • relative velocity
  • Projectile Motion

Chapter 4: Laws of Motion (8 Hours)

  • Newton’s laws of motion
  • Inertia
  • Force
  • linear momentum and impulse
  • Conservation of Linear Momentum
  • free body diagrams
  • solid frictions
  • laws of solid friction and their verifications
  • application of Newton’s laws
  • particles in equilibrium
  • Dynamics of Particles

Chapter 5: Work and Energy (4 Hours)

  • Work
  • work – done by a constant force and a variable Force
  • power
  • energy: kinetic energy
  • work – energy theorem
  • potential energy
  • conservation of energy
  • conservative and non-conservative forces
  • Elastic and Inelastic Collision

Chapter 6: Circular Motion (5 Hours)

  • Angular displacement
  • velocity and acceleration
  • relation between angular and linear velocity and acceleration
  • centripetal acceleration
  • centripetal force
  • conical pendulum
  • motion in a vertical circle
  • Motion of cars and cyclist Round up track

Chapter 7: Gravitation (9 Hours)

  • Newton’s laws of gravitation
  • acceleration due to gravity
  • the mass and weight
  • gravitational field strength
  • variation in value of g due to altitude, depth and rotation of earth
  • weightlessness
  • motion of a satellite
  • orbital velocity
  • height and time period of a satellite
  • geostationary satellite
  • potential and kinetic energy of a satellite
  • gravitational potential
  • gravitational potential energy
  • escape velocity
  • Black Holes

Chapter 8: Equilibrium (2 Hours)

  • Moment of Forces
  • torque
  • torque due to a couple
  • centre of mass
  • centre of gravity
  • Conditions of Equilibrium

Chapter 9: Rotational Dynamics (8 Hours)

  • rotation of rigid bodies
  • equation of angular motion
  • relation between linear and angular kinematics
  • Kinetic energy of rotation of rigid bodies
  • Moment of inertia
  • Radius of gyration
  • Moment of inertia of a uniform rod
  • Torque and angular acceleration for a rigid body
  • work and power in rotational motion
  • Angular momentum
  • Conservation of Angular Momentum

Chapter 10: Elasticity (6 Hours)

  • Hooke’s law
  • Force constant
  • Verification of Hooke’s law
  • Stress / Strain
  • Elasticity and Plasticity
  • Elastic modulus: Young modulus and its determination
  • Bulk modulus, Shear modulus
  • Poisson’s ratio
  • Elastic Potential Energy

Chapter 11: Periodic Motion (6 Hours)

  • Oscillatory Motion
  • Circle of reference
  • Equation of Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)
  • Energy of SHM
  • Application of SHM
  • Motion of a body suspended from coiled spring
  • Angular SHM
  • Simple Pendulum
  • Damped Oscillation
  • Forced Oscillation
  • Resonance

Chapter 12: Fluid Mechanics (10 Hours)

Fluid Statics:

  • Density
  • Pressure in a fluid
  • Archimedes Principle
  • Buoyancy

Surface Tension:

  • Molecular Theory of Surface Tension
  • Surface Energy
  • Angle of contact and capillarity
  • Measurement of coefficient of surface tension by capillary tube method.

Fluid Dynamics:

  • Newton’s formula for viscosity in a liquid
  • Coefficient of viscosity
  • Laminar and turbulent flow
  • Poiseuille’s formula (method of dimensions)
  • Stokes Law and its applications
  • Measurement of viscosity of viscous liquid
  • Equation of continuity
  • Bernoulli’s Equation and its applications

Unit 2: Heat and Thermodynamics (40 Teaching Hours)

Chapter 13: Heat and Temperature (5 Hours)

  • Concept of Temperature
  • Thermal Equilibrium
  • Thermal Expansion
  • Linear Expansion
  • Cubical Expansions and their relation
  • Measurement of Linear Expansivity
  • Liquid Expansion
  • Absolute and apparent expansion of liquid
  • Measurement of Absolute Expansivity by Dulong and Petit Method

Chapter 14: Quantity of Heat (5 Hours)

  • Heat Capacity and Specific Heat Capacity
  • Newton’s Law of Cooling
  • Measurement of Specific Heat Capacity of Solids by Method of Mixture and of Liquids by the Method of Cooling
  • Change of Phases
  • Latent Heat
  • Specific Latent Heat of Fusion and Vaporization and their Measurement by the Method of Mixture

Chapter 15: Thermal Properties of Matter (8 Hours)

  • Equation of State
  • Ideal gas equation
  • P – V diagram
  • Molecular Properties of Matter
  • Kinetic – molecular model of an ideal gas
  • Derivation of Pressure exerted by gas
  • Average Translational Kinetic Energy of a gas molecule
  • Boltzmann Constant
  • Root mean square speed
  • Heat Capacities: Heat Capacities of Gases and Solids

Chapter 16: Hygrometry (3 Hours)

  • Saturated and Unsaturated Vapor Pressure
  • Behaviour of Saturated Vapor
  • Boiling Point
  • Triple Point and Critical Point
  • Dew Point
  • Absolute Humidity
  • Relative Humidity and Its Determination

Chapter 17: Transfer of Heat (4 Hours)

  • Conduction
  • Thermal conductivity and its determination by Searle’s method
  • Convection: convective coefficient
  • Radiation: Ideal radiator
  • Black body radiation
  • Stefan – Boltzmann Law

Chapter 18: First Law of Thermodynamics (9 Hours)

  • Thermodynamic systems
  • Work done during volume change
  • Heat and work
  • Internal energy
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic processes: Adiabatic, Isochoric, Isothermal, Isobaric processes
  • Heat capacities of ideal gas at constant pressure and volume and relation between them
  • Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas

Chapter 19: Second Law of Thermodynamics (6 Hours)

  • Direction of thermodynamic process
  • Second law of thermodynamics
  • Heat engines
  • Internal combustion engines
  • Otto cycle
  • Diesel cycle
  • Carnot cycle
  • Kelvin temperature scale
  • Refrigerators
  • Entropy and Disorder (Introduction Only)

Unit 3: Geometrical Optics (20 Teaching Hours)

Chapter 20: Photometry, Reflection at Curved Mirror (2 Hours)

  • Convex and Concave Mirrors
  • Image in Spherical Mirrors
  • Mirrors Formula
  • Real and Virtual Images

Chapter 21: Refraction at Plane Surfaces (3 Hours)

  • Laws of Refraction
  • Refractive Index
  • Relation between Refractive Indices
  • Lateral Shift
  • Total Internal Reflection and its Applications
  • Critical Angle
  • Optical Fibre

Chapter 22: Refraction through Prisms (3 Hours)

  • Minimum deviation
  • Relation between angle of prism, minimum deviation and refractive index
  • Deviation in small angle prism

Chapter 23: Lenses (4 Hours)

  • Spherical lenses
  • Thin lens formula
  • Lens maker’s formula
  • Power of a lens
  • Combination of Thin Lenses in Contact

Chapter 24: Dispersion (3 Hours)

  • Spectrum
  • Spectrometer
  • Pure spectrum
  • Dispersive power
  • Achromatic lenses
  • Condition for achromatic lenses in contact
  • Chromatic aberration
  • Spherical aberration
  • Scattering of light
  • Blue Color of Sky

Chapter 25: Optical Instruments (5 Hours)

  • The human eye
  • Defects of vision and their correction
  • Visual angle
  • Angular magnification
  • Magnifier
  • Camera
  • Compound microscope
  • Astronomical Telescope (Reflection and Refraction Type)

Unit 4: Electrostatics (20 Teaching Hours)

Chapter 26: Electrostatics, Electric Field & Potential (13 Hours)

Electric Charge:

  • Electric charges
  • Conductors and insulators
  • Charging by induction
  • Coulomb’s law
  • Force between two-point charges
  • Force between multiple electric charges

Electric Fields:

  • Calculation of electric field due to point charges
  • Field lines

Gauss Law:

  • Electric Flux
  • Gauss Law and its application
  • Field of a charged sphere, line charge, plane sheet of charge

Potential and Potential Difference:

  • Potential due to a point charge
  • Equipotential lines and surfaces
  • Potential gradient
  • Potential energy
  • Electron Volt

Chapter 27: Capacitance and Dielectrics (7 Hours)

  • Capacitance and capacitor
  • Charging and discharging of capacitor through a resistor
  • Parallel plate capacitor
  • Combination of capacitors
  • Energy of charged capacitor
  • Effect of a dielectric
  • Molecular theory of induced charges
  • Polarization and Displacement