# Computer - XI Syllabus

UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION AND EVOLUTION OF COMPUTER

• Concept and Characteristics of Computer
• Application of Computers
• History of Computer: Mechanical Calculating era, Electro – Mechanical era, Electronic Computers era
• Generation of Computers: First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Generation (AI) and its features
• Computer speed and Measurement Unit

UNIT 2: CLASSIFICATION OF COMPUTER

• On the basis of working principle – Analog, Digital and Hybrid Computers
• On the basis of size – Super, Mainframe, Mini and Microcomputers
• On the basis of brand – IBM PC, IBM Compatible and Apple/Macintosh
• Mobile Computing

UNIT 3: NUMBER SYSTEM AND THEIR CONVERSION

• Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal Number System & conversion
• 9’s and 10’s complements decimal subtraction
• Calculation in Binary – addition, subtraction, One’s and Two’s Complement Methods of binary subtraction

UNIT 4: LOGIC FUNCTION AND BOOLEAN ALGEBRA

• Logic Function and Boolean Algebra
• Introduction of Truth Table, Boolean Expression
• Logic Gates – AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR and XNOR – its definition, use, truth table, logic symbol
• Duality Principle
• Laws of Boolean Algebra – Associative, Commutative, Distributive, Identity, Complement Laws
• De Morgan’s Theorem: Statement and Logic Expression
• Venn diagram and its represent of logic gates (AND, OR, NOT)

UNIT 5: COMPUTER SYSTEMS

• Concept of Computer Architecture
• Concept of Computer Organization
• Components of Computer System – Input, Output, Processor and Storage
• Microprocessor – Concepts, Components of Processor, Functions
• Concept of system Buses: Data Bus, Address Bus, Control Bus
• Memory – Primary and Secondary, Cache (L1, L2), Buffer, RAM, ROM
• Storage Device – Definition, Use, Types: Hard Disk, Floppy Disk, Magnetic Tape, Flash Memory, Optical Disk (CD, VCD, DVD), External Storage Device
• Input Devices – Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, Light Pen, OMR, OCR, BCR, Scanner, Touch Pad Kiosk, Microphone and Digital Camera
• Output Devices – Monitor, Printer, Plotter, Speaker
• Computer Peripherals
• Interfaces – Parallel Port, Serial Port, USB Ports, IEEE 1394 and Slots
• Identification of PC Accessories and Peripherals
• Specification of PC
• Software and Classification
• System software: OS, Language processor
• Application software including Utilities Software
• Computer Virus and Antivirus

UNIT 6: OPERATING SYSTEM

• Fundamental Concept
• Introduction to Operating system
• Role of Operating System
• Functions of an Operating System
• Types of Operating System: Based on Processing Method (Batch, Multitasking, Multiprocessing, Timesharing, Real Time), Based on User Interface (GUI, CUI), Based on Mode of User (Single – user & Multi – user)
• Disk Operating System (DOS)
• Introduction to CUI and its feature
• Common DOS Commands (External and Internal Commands)
• Concept of File and Directory
• Wildcards and Pathname
• System Files: Config. sys, IO. Sys, MSDOS. Sys, autoexec.bat
• Windows Operating System
• Introduction to GUI and its features
• Working with Window Environment
• Working with Windows Application Program
• Working with Files and Folders
• Customizing the Taskbar and Desktop
• Customizing the Windows
• Use of Accessories
• Concept of Open Sources Operating System
• Introduction to Open Source Operating System
• Introduction to Linux, UNIX

UNIT 7: PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS & LOGICS

• Programming Languages (Low level, High level, 4 GL)
• Compiler, Interpreter and Assembler
• List of high level Programming Language
• Difference between Program and Software
• Concept of Programming Statement
• Syntax and Semantics errors
• Program Control Structures: Sequence, Selection and Iteration
• Program Design tools – Algorithm, Flowchart and Pseudo code
• Introduction to Data Type
• Codes: Absolute Binary, BCD, ASCII, EBCDIC, Unicode

UNIT 8: APPLICATION PACKAGE

• Word processor
• Concept of Word Processor
• Types of Word Processing
• Basic terms of word processing
• Working and Editing Text
• Formatting Characters and Paragraphs
• Formatting Pages
• Working with Tables
• Working with Templates and Styles
• Drawing and Working with Graphics
• Performing Main Merge
• Document Collaboration
• Working with Outlines and Long Documents
• Working with WordArt and Charts
• Project work and Word Processor
• Concept and Use of Spread Sheet
• Basic fundamentals of Spread Sheet
• Formatting a Worksheet
• Creating and Working with Charts
• Managing Workbooks
• General Functions and Formulas
• Data Filter and sorting
• Working with Other objects
• Data Analysis and PivotTables
• What-If Analysis
• Project Work on Spread Sheet
• Presentation:
• Concept of Presentation
• Types and use of Presentation Program
• Basic fundamental of Presentation
• Editing a Presentation
• Design and Formatting Presentation
• Translation of Presentation
• Animation and Custom Animation
• Working with Tables, Graphics and WordArt
• Working with Graphs and Organization Charts
• Working with Multimedia
• Project Work and Presentation

UNIT 9: INTERNET AND E – MAIL

• Internet:
• Introduction of internet
• Uses of internet
• Concept of Protocols
• Web Browser, Web Page, Website, Web Server, URL, DNS
• Search Engine, Messenger Services
• Setting Browser Properties
• Setup Network Connection
• E – mail:
• Concept of E – mail
• Uses of E – mail
• Different types of E – mail Account
• Web Based E – mail and POP E – mail

UNIT 10: WEB PAGE DESIGNING

• Introduction to HTML
• Types of Tags
• Basic Structure of HTML
• Character formatting (Paragraphs, Heading, Text format)
• Create an Ordered and Unordered List
• Insert Images and Objects